Dr. Om Prakash Eye Institute

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Welcome to Dr. Om Parkash Eye Institute, where your vision is our top priority. In our ongoing commitment to providing comprehensive eye care, let’s explore Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), a condition that demands attention and advanced solutions for optimal vision wellness.

What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a progressive eye condition affecting the macula, a tiny but crucial part of the retina responsible for central vision. This condition is prevalent among individuals aged 50 and above, making it a significant concern for those entering their golden years.

Types of AMD 
Dry AMD
    • Characterized by the slow breakdown of light- sensitive cells in the macula.
    • Drusen, yellow deposits beneath the retina, are a common sign.
Wet AMD:
  • Involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels beneath the macula.
  • These vessels can leak, causing damage to the macula and leading to rapid vision loss.
Risk Factors:

Several factors contribute to the development of AMD, including:

  • Age: Risk increases with advancing age.
  • Family History: Genetic factors play a
  • Smoking: A significant risk
  • Obesity: Linked to an increased
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure is a contributing
  • Light Eye Color: Light-colored eyes may be more
  • Cardiovascular Diseases: Conditions like heart disease may increase risk.
Symptoms of AMD:
  • Blurred or distorted central
  • Difficulty recognizing faces or
  • Dark or empty areas in the central vision.
  • Changes in color
Advanced Diagnostics at Dr. Om Parkash Eye Institute:

 Our diagnostic approaches incorporate the latest technologies for accurate assessments:

Comprehensive Eye Examination:

Visual acuity testing and dilated eye exams to assess the health of the macula.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT):

High-resolution imaging to visualize and monitor the layers of the macula.

Fluorescein Angiography:

Special dye injection to examine blood flow and identify abnormal vessels in wet

Genetic Testing:

When needed, genetic testing may be recommended, especially for individuals with a family history of

Treatment and Management Strategies:
  • Dry AMD:
    • While there is no cure, nutritional supplements (AREDS2 formula) may slow progression.
    • Lifestyle modifications, including a healthy diet rich in
Wet AMD

Intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF medications to inhibit abnormal blood vessel growth.

Photodynamic therapy or laser therapy in specific

Low Vision Rehabilitation:

Visual aids, magnifiers, and rehabilitation services to maximize remaining vision.

Patient-Centric Approach:

Individualized Care Plans:

    • Tailoring treatments to the specific type and stage of AMD, ensuring personalized care.
Educational Initiatives:

Empowering patients with knowledge about AMD, its risk factors, and the importance of regular eye check-ups.

Advanced Treatment Options:
  • Utilizing cutting-edge therapies to provide optimal care, ensuring the best
Ongoing Support:
  • Continuous support for patients and their families, addressing emotional aspects and adapting to lifestyle
Community Outreach and Awareness:

 Educational Campaigns:

Engaging in community programs to raise awareness about AMD, its prevention, and the importance of early

Vision Screening Clinics:

Conducting regular vision screening clinics to detect AMD and other eye conditions at an early

Embark on a journey towards maintaining and enhancing your vision with our expertise at Dr. Om Parkash Eye Institute. Your vision, our commitment.

Frequently Asked Questions about Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

AMD is a progressive eye condition affecting the macula, leading to the breakdown of central vision, particularly prevalent in individuals aged 50 and above.

There are two main types: Dry AMD, characterized by slow cell breakdown, and Wet AMD, involving abnormal blood vessel growth beneath the macula.

Symptoms include blurred or distorted central vision, difficulty recognizing faces, and changes in color perception.

Age, family history, smoking, obesity, hypertension, light eye color, and cardiovascular diseases are contributing factors.

Diagnosis involves a comprehensive eye examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography, and, when necessary, genetic testing.

Currently, there is no cure. However, nutritional supplements, especially the AREDS2 formula, may slow its progression.

Treatment options include intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF medications, photodynamic therapy, or laser therapy in specific cases.

Yes, lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and not smoking can contribute to managing AMD.

Low vision rehabilitation includes visual aids and rehabilitation services to maximize remaining vision and improve daily functioning

In certain cases, especially for individuals with a family history of AMD, genetic testing may be recommended.

Regular eye check-ups are crucial, especially for individuals over 50 or those with risk factors, to detect  AMD early.

The macula is responsible for central vision, allowing us to see details clearly. AMD affects this central vision.

While it cannot be completely prevented, adopting a healthy lifestyle and having regular eye check-ups can contribute to early detection and management.

Yes, astigmatism in children can be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses. Regular eye check-ups are essential for early detection and management.

Yes, Dr. Om Parkash Eye Institute provides ongoing support services to address emotional aspects and lifestyle adaptations.

Dr. Om Parkash Eye Institute regularly conducts educational campaigns and vision screening clinics where you can actively participate in spreading awareness about AMD.

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Working hour

Mon – Fri: 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Sat – Sun: Closed

650 Birmingham St,
London 3000, UK

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